Marie Antoinette

Royal Family



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Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna von Habsburg-Lothringen (2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793 - (aged 37))), an Archduchess of Austria, was the fifteenth and second youngest child of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Empress Maria Theresa. In April 1770, upon her marriage (at the age of 14 years and 5 months) to Louis-Auguste, heir to the throne of France, she became Dauphine of France. On 10 May 1774, when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI, upon the death of his grandfather Louis XV, she became Queen of France and Navarre, a title she held until September 1791, when, as the French Revolution proceeded, she became Queen of the French, a title she held until 21 September 1792. <br><br> After eight years of marriage, Marie Antoinette gave birth to a daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte, the first of her four children. Despite her initial popularity, a growing number of the population eventually came to dislike her, accusing L\'Autrichienne, \"the Austrian woman\" (a nickname given her upon her arrival to France by Louis XV\'s daughters, Mesdames de France), of being profligate, promiscuous,[2] and of harbouring sympathies for France\'s enemies, particularly her native Austria.[3] The Diamond Necklace affair damaged her reputation further. During the Revolution, she became known as Madame Déficit because the country\'s financial crisis was blamed on her lavish spending and her opposition to the social and financial reforms of Turgot and Necker. <br><br> During the Revolution, after the government had placed the royal family under house arrest in the Tuileries Palace in October 1789, several events linked to Marie Antoinette, in particular the June 1791 attempt to flee, and her role in the War of the First Coalition, had disastrous effects on French popular opinion. On 10 August 1792, the attack on the Tuileries forced the royal family to take refuge at the Assembly, and on 13 August the family was imprisoned in the Temple. On 21 September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. After a two-day trial begun on 14 October 1793, Marie Antoinette was convicted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of high treason, and executed by guillotine on Place de la Révolution on 16 October 1793.<Br> Source: <A Href=\"Https://En.Wikipedia.Org/Wiki/Main_Page\" Target=\"_blank\" Rel=\"Me Nofollow\"> Https://En.Wikipedia.Org/Wiki/Main_Page</A>